I use ultra-blonde shellac, which is the highest (and … volume of a 2-lb. I assumed there was some way to crack the … If you simply remember that to make a very light dilution of shellac (equivalent to our old "one-pound cut"), add 12 grams of shellac to 100 milliliters of alcohol. "Finishing" The Metric Conversion – Shellac Mixing The Metric Way, • 1 lb. There are 3.8 litres in a US gallon and a pound weight equals 450 grammes. My attempt to recover was to scape and sand it off and reapply a diluted cut. So a 1-gal. Store your shellac, tightly stoppered or sealed, in a cool dark location. For example, a #1 cut of shellac is one-pound (16 ounces by weight) of shellac dissolved in one-gallon by volume of alcohol. For a small amount of mixed shellac, like 100ml = 0,1l, which is enough for small projects this results to: x = 0,1l * 453,6g / 3,785l = 11,98g ~ 12g. oz. Usually shellac is made up of denatured alcohol, which is meths by the way, and shellac flakes. When America and a couple of other non-metric hold-out countries are eventually dragged kicking and screaming into the 21st century metric measurement world, I wonder if woodworkers of that future generation will still use the term "two-pound cut" and will they know what it means or how it came to be? 4  Fill a squeeze bottle with the mixed shellac. Use a two or three-pound cut of shellac and apply generously with long, smooth strokes. It is easy, repeatable, and very accurate. Measurements. of alcohol produces a half-pint of 2-lb.-cut shellac. Brushing on shellac requires a fine, natural or china-bristle brush. Legendary Sharpening - No Skill Or Effort Required, • •• Warning: DO NOT use direct heat. This is your shellac flake line. Zinsser's Bulls Eye brand sealer is a 2-lb. Please Read About: Denatured Alcohols • All Denatured Alcohols are NOT the Same Thus a 2 pound cut means 2 pounds of shellac flakes dissolved in a gallon of alcohol. Sgian Dubh wrote:A 1/2 lb cut means you should put 1/2 lb of shellac flakes into a US gallon of alcohol, aka meths, industrial meths or industrial alcohol in the UK. Add shellac to the liquid (crushing button lac will speed dissolving). Noticed this not too long ago! work methods, tools, weather, and environment will dictate your 'pound cut' preference. When viewed this way, the nomenclature… the naming… of the cut factors is self-evident. The larger container will allow for the volume increase from adding the flake. Since few people would use a gallon of shellac for a project and because liquid shellac has a relatively short shelf life ( approximately 6 months ), it is best to mix up only what you think you will need. Never fear… I, the humble down-to-earth woodworker, have come up with the answer. Bulls Eye Shellac is pre-mixed in a 3 lb. 5  A 1.5 pound cut is a good choice for a size or sealer coat of shellac. Woodworkers like it for the beautiful tone it gives to wood. But … For example, adding 2 oz. Wipe off all sawdust using a tack cloth. But nowhere could I find a chart for mixing shellac by using grams to weigh the shellac flakes and milliliters to measure the alcohol. Thus a 2 pound cut means 2 pounds of shellac flakes dissolved in a gallon of alcohol. Still to convert the Seal Coat to 1 lb. Congratulations, you now have an approximate 2 lb cut of shellac. (16 Oz.) The international avoirdupois pound is equal to exactly 453.59237 grams. Multiple thin coats of shellac are more effective than (40 Oz.) (24 Oz.) The weighing of shellac flakes, measuring the denatured alcohol, and mixing the two is somehow very satisfying, as is the ability to "fine-tune" the viscosity for the project at hand. In general, applying multiple thinner coats will be easier and deliver better results than applying a few heavier coats. Strain all types through cheesecloth, white cotton cloth, or paint strainer. Since few people would use a gallon of shellac for a project and because liquid shellac has a relatively short shelf life ( approximately 6 months ), it is best to mix up only what you think you will need. Shellac is sometimes used as a wooden floor polish, having been used as a glossy finish for bowling alleys. See the following chart: This is insanely easy. Michael Dresdner: What is curious is that if you mix a pound and a half of shellac flakes into one gallon of alcohol, you end up with much more … It bonds tenaciously to virtually any bare wood or finished surface; it dries very quickly, sands smooth with the … Pound Cut 2.5 Pound Cut Three (3) Pound Cut One Gallon = 128 Fluid Oz. Shellac. dried flake per pint). Refer to the chart below for thinning directions. Instead of one-pound, two-pound, three-pound cuts, we can now use the terminology 12-gram, 24-gram, and 36-gram cuts. The heavier the cut, the greater the amount of shellac resin, or "solids”, that is dissolved in the same volume of alcohol. Remember when the rush was on to put an eleven-cent chip and LED readout into every conceivable appliance to tell us the time? The pound cut is a term referring to the amount of shellac to alcohol mixture; as an example, a 2 lb cut of shellac contains two pounds of shellac mixed with one US gallon of alcohol. In this article I will convert it into metric terms to make it easier for us here in Australia. Shellac flakes + alcohol = shellac finish. Flake 2 Lb. • A “2-pound cut” is a good starting point. For what we now refer to as a "two-pound cut," add 24 grams of shellac to 100 milliliters of alcohol, and for the heavier "three-pound cut," add 36 grams of shellac flakes to 100 milliliters of alcohol. there are scales or ratios for smaller quantities but they are useless in Europe as we use metric ratios. To mix 1 pint of 1 Lb. Sand the Project . You can, of course, easily thin down a thick shellac. 2 lb. For what we now refer to as a "two-pound cut," add 24 grams of shellac to 100 milliliters of alcohol, and for the heavier "three-pound cut," add 36 grams of shellac flakes to 100 milli… Of course they are each different by a minute or two and I cringe when the power goes off forcing me to reset them all, but the real question all these digital displays raise is whether or not people in the future will know where the terms "clockwise" and "counter-clockwise" originated? A 3 pound cut is generally reserved for priming or sealing of stains, and sap, or knots prior to painting, especially on softer woods. Stir or Shake every 15 -30 minutes. In general a "2 Pound Cut" is a good place to start. Shellac dries hard and won’t yellow or darken with age. The higher the pound cut, the higher the resin content. I had a chemistry set as a child and loved mixing up concoctions, pretending to be the next great inventor. cut liquid shellac use approximately a 2:16 ratio of shellac flakes to alcohol (2 oz. • Kevin Hancock: That indicates 1.5 pounds of shellac flakes were mixed into one gallon of alcohol. When mixing shellac from flakes or buttons, you can scale down the ratio of cut to make a suitable amount. This thicker solution is usually too thick but can subsequently be thinned and adjusted to the work in hand. of shellac are dissolved. 3  If you simply remember that to make a very light dilution of shellac (equivalent to our old "one-pound cut"), add 12 grams of shellac to 100 milliliters of alcohol. For the metric system, “lb. About half-way down from the first line mark another line. of shellac. of shellac flakes dissolved in 16 oz. 240 g./L shellac = .24 g./mL. Flake 1.5 Lb. cut (i.e., approximately 3 lbs. work methods, tools, weather, and environment will dictate your 'pound cut' preference. We find straining through a paint strainer first then through T-shirt or multiple layers of cheese-cloth helpful. Flake 3 Lb. Once mixed, shellac begins to degrade. cut, would become 240 grams per liter, not very felicitous phrasing, but the same solids percentage. And then there’s the whole shellac terminology thing: 1-pound cut, 2-pound cut, waxed, dewaxed, … cut is roughly equivalent to 120 g. / L. 2 lb. Historically woodworkers mix shellac in "pound-cut" ratios. I mistakenly used a 2:1 cut of shellac as a seal cut on oak. May be applied at container consistency if desired. of shellac resin per gallon of alcohol). There may be sediment and organic particles depending on the type of lac. For example, to make a 2 pound cut … Shellac is mixed in “cuts” which refer to the proportion of shellac flakes (measured in pounds) to solvent (measured in gallons). Next Page. For Canadians, 240 grams of shellac flakes to 1 litre of alcohol equals a 2 lb cut. cut 2 qts to 1 qt (2 l. to 1 l.) shellac 3 lb. cut 3 pts to 1 qt (1.5 l. to 1 l.) shellac Why Shellac is thinner in Warm Weather Alcohol expands under heat and also becomes a better solvent for shellac. Sure it's easy enough. shellac flake / 1 fl. Mobile Sanding Center – Design Criteria, • Woodworkers that routinely use shellac use the terms "two-pound cut" or "three-pound cut" to describe the dilution factor of shellac to alcohol. A 3# (3lb) cut is thinned 3 lbs of shellac flakes to 1 gallon of denatured alcohol solvent. In the US they use a term ‘cut’. (32 Oz.) It contains more than 30% of free wax alcohol with chain length of C 28 –C 32.It also contains a small amount of hydrocarbons and about 1% lactic acid [61,62].. This makes it a great sealer beneath other finishes. I never mix-up shellac in one gallon quantities but prefer to do this in small amounts - Thus I usually add 1 ounce of dried shellac flakes to 8 ounces of denatured alcohol to get to my 'one pound cut' concentration (this also equals 2 oz. of shellac resin dissolved in a gallon of alcohol. Working out the measuring side of mixing Shellac Flakes can be quite confusing especially if you’ve have never heard of a 1-pound cut, 2-pound cut. cut shellac = 1/4 oz. Since shellac dries quickly, be careful to avoid drips or blotchy areas when applying because unlike other finishes, you will likely not have time to over-brush to … Colinsthename May 2, 2016. It is also easily scalable. SealCoat Dewaxed Shellac Sealer. Sort of off topic.. For example, to make a 2 pound cut … Three lb. 2  form of shellac used by woodworkers as a finish is formed by dissolving flakes of shellac in an alcohol solvent While many prefer a “two-pound cut,” I prefer to apply more thin coats than a few thick coats. of shellac in 1 gal. Remember, the lb cut of shellac is just a number. Several thinner coats are often easier to apply and finish than few heaver coats. of flakes to 8 oz. total in which 2 lb. Select a glass or plastic container slightly larger than the amount you are making (do not use metal). So, for aspiring metric converts, I have created a metric equivalent chart: Still, though, if we are to fully immerse ourselves (in the metric system, please, not in the shellac!) Mix the shellac to a 2-pound cut, following a shellac mixing chart. Shellac should always be mixed fresh from flake form, and that is another aspect of shellac that is endearing. A 2-pound cut would be slightly thicker and provide a quicker build. In the United Kingdom, the use of the international pound was implemented in the Weights and Measures Act 1963. cut to 2 lb. Want to mix up a quantity not on the chart? Any dilution ratio in between these numbers is also easy to calculate. One pound of shellac flakes dissolved in one gallon of denatured alcohol (ethanol) is a "one-pound-cut," two pounds of flakes in a gallon of ethanol is a "two-pound-cut," and so on. Temperatures under 60° F will slow the dissolving. By the way, if you are not a devotee of shellac, you should try it. Using the metric system we can now refer to a "12-gram cut" or a "24-gram cut" and know exactly what we are talking about. Copyright © 2017 Highland Hardware, Inc. "Finishing" The Metric Conversion – Shellac Mixing The Metric Way, Mobile Sanding Center – Design Criteria, Legendary Sharpening - No Skill Or Effort Required, Update...The Natural-Edge Coffee Table Project. Simply decide how much alcohol to start with, say 300 ml. 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